Pinetree Progress Reports

National Archives of Canada


Pinetree Progress Reports
Report No. 20
Dated 15 March 1954

Page 1 of 11

1. RCAF PROGRAM

a - Eastern Sites (Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, and 9)

Radar and IFF - Primary radars are in operation at all sites (Mont Apica, Lac St. Denis, Foymount, Edgar, Chatham, Parent, Senneterre and Falconbridge). It is anticipated that when satisfactory proof of performance has been established, the AN/FPS-502radar will be procured to provide back-up search facilities at these sites. Back-up height-finder radars (AN/TPS-502) will be installed this year at Mont Apica and Lac St. Denis (Sites 1 and 2). AN/TPS-502 radars are not required at other sites where dual ISG-98 radars are installed. IFF installations at all these RCAF sites, with the exception of Chatham (Site 5), have been completed.

Radio Communications - HF and VHF installations have been completed, with UHF installations forecasted for the immediate future, depending on deliveries of equipment from USAF sources. Installation of USA-produced UHF equipments is an interim measure and they will be supplemented by Canadian UHF gear, at a later date. The interim installation will provide five single-channel and one multi-channel equipments per site.

Internal Telephone Systems - Northern Electric Type NE-603 telephone systems have been installed at all sites and have been accepted less one modification designed to improve the "pool" circuits. This modification is presently partially constructed.

Microwave System - A microwave system to provide primary communications facilities between these sites is partially constructed.

b - Western Sites (Nos. 18, 35 and 36)

Holberg - 18

Main radar - - AN/FPS-3 installation 95% completed. Flight trials scheduled for 30 Mar 54.

IFF - Not available as yet.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 installation estimated to start Aug 54.

Radio Communications - Communications facilities in final form will not be completed until Sep 54. However, temporary HF and VHF facilities are to be supplied to meet the radar limited operations date of 31 Mar 54.

Telephone - Completion of NE-611 internal telephone system scheduled for Apr 54.

Landlines - Completed to date.

DND Circuit #554 Voice - to Vancouver (Sea Island).

DND Circuit #555 Voice - to Vancouver (No. 5 ADCC)

Comox (35) and Tofino (36)

Main radar - - AN/FPS-502 search radars will not be available for installation until approximately the third quarter of 1955.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 radars are scheduled for installation in the third quarter of 1954.

Telephone - Type NE-611 internal telephone systems are tentatively scheduled for Jul and Aug 54.

Page 2 of 11

Landlines - Completed to date.

DND Circuit #867 Voice - Tofino to Bohokus.

DND Circuit #871 Voice - Tofino to Bohokus.

DND Circuit #872 Voice - Tofino to Bohokus.

DND Circuit #252 Voice - Comox to Holberg.

DND Circuit #256 Voice - Comox to Holberg.

DND Circuit #257 Voice - Comox to Holberg.

2. RADAR EXTENSION PLAN - Interior of Canada

a - USAF ADC

Sites C-10 (Ramore), C-14 (Pagwa), C-15 (Armstrong), C-16 (Sioux Lookout), C-17 (Beausejour), C-19 (Puntzi Mountain), C-20 (Baldy Hughes) and C-21 (Saskatoon Mountain).

Main radar equipments (AN/FPS-3) have been accepted and are operating on all eight sites. An acceptance board toured these sites during the latter part of February and the IFF facilities at five sites were accepted. Acceptance of the remaining three IFF facilities at sites 10 (Ramore), 20 (Baldy Hughes) and 21 (Saskatoon Mountain) was delayed until some remaining minor work is done. All inside and outside telephone plants were completed and accepted. Radio communications facilities, (HF, VHF, and UHF) were completed and accepted at only four sites Ramore (10), Pagwa (14) Puntzi Mountain (19) and Baldy Hughes (20). Landlines in operation are noted below by site. Height-finder radar (AN/TPS-502) delivery dates are estimated on present production forecasts. Installation at site 10 (Ramore) and site 14 (Pagwa) should start early in Apr 54 with other sites following closely according to Pinetree Office priority schedule. Back-up search radars (AN/FPS-502) are scheduled for installation late in 1954 and early in 1955, according to present forecasts.

Ramore - C-10

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Not yet completed. Awaiting spare component to repair UPX-6 to permit final system test.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start 1 Apr 54. Shipped from factory 3 Mar 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF all completed and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Landlines - Completed to date.

DND Circuit #414 Voice - Telling - to Falconbridge.

DND Circuit #415 Voice - Ops/Int. - to Falconbridge.

DND Circuit #416 Teletype - Status - to Falconbridge.

DND Circuit #417 Teletype - Ops. 2 - to Falconbridge.

DND Circuit #731 Voice - Ops. 1 - to Pagwa.

DND Circuit #752(a) Teletype - Ops. 2 - loop to Selfridge, Pagwa, Armstrong.

DND Circuit #752(b) Voice - Telling - to Sault Ste. Marie.

DND Circuit #752[c] Voice - Ops. 1 - to Sault Ste. Marie.

Pagwa - C-14

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Completed and accepted.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start 12 Apr 54. Shipped from factory 3 Mar 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF all completed and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Page 3 of 11

Landlines - Completed to date.

DND Circuit #12 Voice - Telling - to Armstrong.

DND Circuit #730(a) Voice - Telling - to Keeweenaw.

DND Circuit #730(b) Voice - Ops. 1 - to Keeweenaw.

DND Circuit #731 Voice - Ops. 1 - to Ramore.

DND Circuit #733 Voice - Telling - to Sault Ste. Marie.

DND Circuit #734 Voice - Ops. 1 - to Sault Ste. Marie.

DND Circuit #752(a) Teletype - Ops. 2 - loop to Selfridge, Ramore and Armstrong.

Armstrong - C-15

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Completed and accepted.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start Sep 54.

Radio Communications - Available for operations but not accepted due to deficiencies in workmanship.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Landlines - Completed to date.

DND Circuit #10 Voice - Telling - to Keeweenaw.

DND Circuit #11 Voice - Ops. 1 - to Keeweenaw.

DND Circuit #12 Voice - Telling - to Pagwa.

DND Circuit #17 Voice - Telling - to Sioux Lookout.

DND Circuit #752(a) Teletype - Ops. 2 - loop to Selfridge, Pagwa and Ramore.

Sioux Lookout - C-16

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Completed and accepted.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start Aug 54

Radio Communications - Available for operating but not accepted due to deficiencies in workmanship.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Landlines - Completed to date.

DND Circuit #17 Voice - Telling - to Armstrong.

DND Circuit #65 Voice - Telling - to Beausejour.

DND Circuit #20 Teletype - Ops. 2 - loop to Snelling and Beausejour.

DND Circuit #782 Voice - Telling - to Findland, Minn.

Beausejour - C-17

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Completed and accepted.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start May 54

Radio Communications - Available for operations but not accepted due to deficiencies in workmanship.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Landlines - Completed to date.

DND Circuit #20 Teletype - Ops. 2 - loop to Snelling and Sioux Lookout.

DND Circuit #62(a) Voice - Telling - to Findland, Minn.

DND Circuit #62(b) Voice - Ops. 1 - to Findland, Minn.

DND Circuit #64 Voice - Telling - to Findlay, N.D.

DND Circuit #65 Voice - Telling - to Sioux Lookout.

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Puntzi Mountain - C-19

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Completed and accepted.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start May 54

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF all completed and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Landlines - Completed to date.

DND Circuit #231 Voice - Telling - to Vancouver.

DND Circuit #232 Voice - Ops. 1 - to Vancouver.

DND Circuit #233 Teletype - Status - to Vancouver.

DND Circuit #234 Teletype - Ops. 2 - to Vancouver.

Remaining circuits #77(a) loop to Saskatoon Mountain, Tacoma and Baldy Hughes; 227 to Holberg; 228 top Baldy Hughes; 229 and 230 both to Seattle (Birch Bay) involve construction of VHF radio links which is now near completion.

Baldy Hughes - C-20

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Not yet completed. Interim external cables being installed to permit final systems test.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start Sep 54

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF completed and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Landlines - None of nine circuits completed as yet. Awaiting completion of VHF links.

Saskatoon Mountain - C-21

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Not yet completed. Equipment installed. Contractor repairing UPX-6 prior to final systems test.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start Sep 54

Radio Communications - Available for operations but not yet accepted due to deficiencies in workmanship.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Landlines - None of eight circuits except 77(b) voice-circuit to Vancouver are completed. One temporary teletype is operating to McChord Field via Vancouver. Completion of circuits is awaiting VHF link completion.

b - RCAF Manned

Sites R6 (Ste. Marie), R11 (Halifax), R33 (Moisie), R34 (Sydney)

Ste. Marie - R-6

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B is 95% installed. Peaking crew on site. Estimated limited operations (L.O.) date is 31 Mar 54.

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - estimate installation to start Sep 54

Radio Communications -Equipment on site. Crews ready to move in as soon as security clearances obtained. Temporary facilities to be available to meet radar L.O date.

Telephone - Inside plant 30% complete. Estimated complete 18 May 54.

Outside plant 25% complete. Estimated complete 1 May 54

Page 5 of 11

Halifax - R-11

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B is approximately 50% complete. L.O. date Apr 54.

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - estimate installation to start Oct 54

Radio Communications -Equipment on site. Crews ready to move in as soon as security clearances obtained. Temporary facilities to be available to meet radar L.O date.

Telephone - Inside plant 45% complete. Estimated complete 31 May 54.

Outside plant 20% complete. Estimated complete 30 Apr 54

Moisie (Clarke City) R-33 and Sydney R-34

Both of these sites are conducting limited operations. Minor deficiencies are being corrected. Height-finder radars (AN/TPS-502) are scheduled for installation start in the latter part of Apr 54. Main radar is AN/FPS-3 on each of these sites.

3. RADAR EXTENSON PLAN - NEAC Sites - (Nos.22 to 31 inclusive)

The majority of the NEAC Pinetree sites are available for limited operations with the exception of facilities notes in the following detailed reports below. Back-up radar AN/FPS-502, electronic gear is scheduled for delivery to N-26 (St. Anthony), through N-31 (Frobisher Bay) during Oct-Nov 54 by air if water shipping season is closed at the time. Delivery to N-25 (Gander) is scheduled for Dec 54 and to N-22 (St. Johnís), N-23 (Stephenville) and N-24(Goose Bay) during Feb 55. The antennae are expected to be produced by Aug 54 and to e shipped in by sea late this summer.

St. Johnís - N-22 (GCI)

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B tower installation nearing completion. Electronic equipment available for installation as required. Plotting equipment installed. Estimated read for limited operations in May 54.

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - estimated installation start Jul 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF facilities expected to be complete May 54. LF facilities to be completed by 1 Jul 54.

Telephone - Inside plant installation to start 2 Apr 54.

Outside plant completed and accepted on interim basis.

St. Johnís - N-22A (ADCC)

Inside telephone plant (NE-618) shipped 26 Feb 54. Installation started. Tactical cut-over scheduled for 24 Apr 54. Final completion scheduled for latter part of May 54. Outside plant completed. Radio equipment installation approximately 50% complete. No radar at ADCC.

Stephenville - N-23

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B is 90% complete. L.O. date is 31 Mar 54.

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 estimated installation start Jul 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF - 80% installed. Estimated complete 15 Apr 54. LF expected complete by 1 Jul 54.

Telephone - Inside plant completed.

Outside plant 70% installed. Estimated completion date 24 Mar 54.

Page 6 of 11

Goose Bay - N-24

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B operating after acceptance with minor deficiencies.

Back-Up Height-finder - Estimated installation start Jul 54.

Radio Communications - VHF and UHF complete and accepted. HF completed with exception of those HF facilities to be installed at LF transmitter site. LF facilities expected to be ready for limited operations 1 Jul 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants completed and accepted.

Gander - N-25

Main radar - Completed and operating.

IFF - Completed and operating.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 installation scheduled for mid-summer 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF 90% complete. No LF facilities at this site.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants completed.

St. Anthony - N-26

Main radar - Was completed but damaged by high winds in January. Equipment to replace damaged portions is now at Goose Bay awaiting favorable landing conditions at N-26. Estimated date of repairs completion not yet available.

IFF - As above for radar.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 installation scheduled for mid-summer 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF completed. LF facilities expected complete 1 Jul 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants completed.

Cartwright - N-27

Main radar - Completed and operating.

IFF - Completed and operating.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 installation scheduled for mid-summer 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF completed. LF facilities expected complete 1 Jul 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants completed.

Hopedale - N-28

Main radar - Completed and operating.

IFF - Completed and operating.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 installation scheduled for mid-summer 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF completed. LF facilities to becompleted by 1 Jul 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants completed.

Saglek - N-29

Main radar - Completed and operating.

IFF - Completed and operating.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 installation scheduled for mid-summer 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF transmitters installed and tested but no progress has been possible at receiver site for some weeks due to its complete isolation by bad weather. No work has commenced at LF site for same reason.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants completed.

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Resolution Island - N-30

Due to difficulties in landing supplies last year construction was delayed; completion of all buildings now expected by the end of August 54/ The operations room has been completely enclosed and if no unforeseen difficulties arise, equipment installation will probably begin at the end of the month. The technical warehouse is completely enclosed, heat and power are available and it is being used for storage and prefabrication. The power and heating buildings are completed and limited facilities available. Construction of the receiver and transmitter buildings is scheduled for June or July 54. Construction on the towers is proceeding slowly.

Frobisher Bay - N-31

Main radar - Completed and operating.

IFF - Completed and operating.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 installation scheduled for mid-summer 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF completed. LF facilities estimated complete 1 Jul 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants completed.

4. NEAC COMMUNICATIONS

a - Tail Cables

Work on tail cables connecting N-22 (St. Johnís - GCI), N-22A (St. Johnís - ADCC), N-23 (Stephenville) and N-25 (Gander) to their respective carrier terminals and their remote receiver and transmitter sites (except at N-23 - Stephenville) has been progressing despite bad weather conditions. The plant erection at St. Johnís (N-22 and N-22A) is nearly completed (98%) and the cable splicing is half done. At Harmon (N-23) the plant is 80% finished and splicing is 40% completed. At Gander (N-25), except for the leads connecting the radar site to the Gander-Goose Bay microwave terminal, the plant is 95% erected and cable 40% spliced. The construction of leads to the microwave terminal has been deferred pending settlement of its location. Present estimates forecast completion of the tail cables in April 54.

b - Carrier System

Procurement action has been taken on the equipment for the cable carrier system on existing USAF-owned cable running across Newfoundland from Harmon AFB (Stephenville) via Gander to Fort Pepperrell (St. Johnís). A sub-contract approved by Department of Defence Production (Canada) has been let by the contractor, Canadian National Telegraph Company, to Northern Electric Company for Type "ON" carrier equipment. Production is now under way with delivery schedules forecasted which will permit partial facilities (1 system) to be installed and working by Dec 54. Actual route is now being surveyed to decide on construction details and location of repeater sites.

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c - Microwave System

At site 118 all Phase 1 work including erection of tower, equipment and power buildings is complete. All contractor personnel have vacated the site February 16th. A guard has been established with radio contact to Goose Bay.

At Site 117 all Phase 1 work has been completed including tower to a height of 60 feet, diesel and equipment buildings. Ropeway has been constructed and test operated. Contractor personnel have vacated the site and a guard has been established with radio contact as in Site 118.

PPOís review of work required on this project "without prejudice" top completion date is expected to go forward in the latter part of March.

Frequencies 368, 376, 389, 397, 423, 431, 439 and 447 megacycles have been allotted to NEAC microwave, subject to certain normal Department of Transport (Canada) conditions.

Action on allotment of frequencies in the 1700/1990 mcs. And 2110/2300 mcs. Bands is being held pending submission of firm requirements from PPO.

d - Scatter System

Siting criteria was established at a series of meetings held at PPO during February with representatives from PPO, NEAC and Bell Telephone Company. A survey team was established to do reconnaissance surveys on the ground and this party left Montreal for Goose Bay by air March 14th. NEAC members will join the party at Goose Bay.

Numerous meetings have been held between the prime contractor, the design authority and Radio Engineering Laboratories with regard to radio equipment. Design on most of this equipment is proceeding satisfactorily and production is in progress on chassis, racks, cabinets and other hardware. Because of the critical nature of RELís production schedules it is planned to locate an expeditor permanently at their plant. REL has submitted lists of recommended teat gear which are being checked and purchase orders will be issued shortly. All test gear is of standard type. Construction design is actively in hand and a Tender Date of May has been set up as the objective.

Antenna design is well underway at D.S. Kennedy Limited and is progressing satisfactorily.

Progress has been made on installation planning both as to method and installation equipment required.

125 KVA Cummins diesels have been specified for power supplies together with associated alternators, switch gear and other miscellaneous power equipment. Contracts will be awarded as soon as spares schedules have been established.

Procurement of wave guide and coaxial cable is in progress.

Complete schedules for the Scatter programming should be established within the next few weeks.

Office in charge, USAF Section, visited Headquarters, NEAC, on co-ordination of matters with regard to implementation of Scatter.

Frequencies 571, 581, 591, 601, 701, 721 and 731 megacycles have been allocated to Scatter on an experimental basis by Department of Transport Canada. Operational use of these frequencies will be subject to compete examination by Department of Transport of the results of this experiment, and after rationalization of this and other communications over the same route and existing communications into Goose Bay.

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