Pinetree Progress Reports

National Archives of Canada


Pinetree Progress Reports
Report No. 21
Dated 15 April 1954

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1. RCAF PROGRAM

a - Eastern Sites (Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, and 9)

Radar and IFF - Primary radars are in operation at all sites (Mont Apica, Lac St. Denis, Foymount, Edgar, Chatham, Parent, Senneterre and Falconbridge). It is anticipated that when satisfactory proof of performance has been established, the AN/FPS-502radar will be procured to provide back-up search facilities at these sites. Back-up height-finder radars (AN/TPS-502) will be installed this year at Mont Apica and Lac St. Denis (Sites 1 and 2). AN/TPS-502 radars are not required at other sites where dual ISG-98 radars are installed. IFF installations at all these RCAF sites, with the exception of Chatham (Site 5), have been completed. Interim IFF for Chatham is being installed and should be available in the near future.

Radio Communications - HF and VHF installations have been completed, with UHF installations forecasted for the immediate future, depending on deliveries of equipment from USAF sources. Installation of USA-produced UHF equipments is an interim measure and they will be supplemented by Canadian UHF gear, at a later date. The interim installation will provide five single-channel and one multi-channel equipments per site.

Internal Telephone Systems - Northern Electric Type NE-603 telephone systems have been installed at all sites and have been accepted less one modification designed to improve the "pool" circuits. This modification is presently being carried out by field parties.

Microwave System - A microwave system to provide primary communications facilities between these sites is partially constructed.

b - Western Sites (Nos. 18, 35 and 36)

Holberg - 18

Main radar - - AN/FPS-3 installation is completed and accepted.

IFF - Not available as yet.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 installation estimated to start Aug 54.

Radio Communications - Communications facilities in final form will not be completed until Sep 54. However, temporary HF and VHF facilities are to be supplied to meet the radar limited operations date of 31 Mar 54.

Telephone - Completion of NE-611 internal telephone system scheduled for Apr 54.

Comox (35) and Tofino (36)

Main radar - - AN/FPS-502 search radars will not be available for installation until approximately the third quarter of 1955.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 radars are scheduled for installation in the third quarter of 1954.

Telephone - Type NE-611 internal telephone systems are tentatively scheduled for Jul and Aug 54.

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2. RADAR EXTENSION PLAN - Interior of Canada

a - USAF ADC

Sites C-10 (Ramore), C-14 (Pagwa), C-15 (Armstrong), C-16 (Sioux Lookout), C-17 (Beausejour), C-19 (Puntzi Mountain), C-20 (Baldy Hughes) and C-21 (Saskatoon Mountain).

Main radar equipments (AN/FPS-3) have been accepted and are operating on all eight sites. An acceptance board toured these sites during the latter part of February and the IFF facilities at five sites were accepted. Acceptance of the remaining three IFF facilities at sites 10 (Ramore), 20 (Baldy Hughes) and 21 (Saskatoon Mountain) was delayed until some remaining minor work is done. All inside and outside telephone plants were completed and accepted. Radio communications facilities, (HF, VHF, and UHF) were completed and accepted at only four sites Ramore (10), Pagwa (14) Puntzi Mountain (19) and Baldy Hughes (20). At all eight sites outstanding tower roof repairs will be completed prior to start of AN/TPS-502 installation. The electrical distribution systems (for Type 30 towers) will be completed by the installation contractors. Back-up search radars (AN/FPS-502) are scheduled for installation early in 1955 according to present forecasts. Landlines at all sites except at sites 19 (Puntzi Mountain), 20 (Baldy Hughes) and 21 (Saskatoon Mountain) are substantially completed. The only change in status as detailed in last report (No. 20, 15 Mar 54) is at Site 21 (Saskatoon Mountain) where DND circuit No. 77 (voice) Beaverlodge (Saskatoon Mountain) to Red Rock (Baldy Hughes) is reported completed.

Ramore - C-10

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Not yet completed. Awaiting spare component to repair UPX-6 to permit final system test.

Height-finder - On site. Installation scheduled for Jun 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF all completed and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Landlines - Completed to date.

Pagwa - C-14

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Completed and accepted.

Height-finder - On site. Installation scheduled for Jun 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF all completed and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Armstrong - C-15

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Completed and accepted.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start Sep 54.

Radio Communications - Available for operations but not accepted due to deficiencies in workmanship.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Sioux Lookout - C-16

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Completed and accepted.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start Aug 54

Radio Communications - Available for operating but not accepted due to deficiencies in workmanship.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

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Beausejour - C-17

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Completed and accepted.

Height-finder - On site. Installation scheduled for June 54

Radio Communications - Available for operations but not accepted due to deficiencies in workmanship.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Puntzi Mountain - C-19

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Completed and accepted.

Height-finder - On site. Installation scheduled for Jun 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF all completed and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Baldy Hughes - C-20

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Not yet completed. Interim external cables being installed to permit final systems test.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start Sep 54

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF completed and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Saskatoon Mountain - C-21

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Not yet completed. Equipment installed. Contractor repairing UPX-6 prior to final systems test.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start Sep 54

Radio Communications - Available for operations but not yet accepted due to deficiencies in workmanship.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

b - RCAF Manned

Sites R6 (Ste. Marie), R11 (Halifax), R33 (Moisie), R34 (Sydney)

Ste. Marie - R-6

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B is completed and operating.

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - Estimate installation start Sep 54.

Radio Communications - Installation crews now working and program expected to progress rapidly. Temporary facilities in use.

Telephone - Inside and outside plant both 60% installed. Completion scheduled for mid-May 54

Halifax - R-11

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B is 75% complete. Limited operation is expected during Apr 54.

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - Estimate installation start Oct 54

Radio Communications - Installation crew now working and program expected to progress rapidly. Temporary facilities to be available for L.O. date.

Telephone - Inside plant 55% complete. Estimated complete 31 May 54.

Outside plant 45% complete. Estimated complete 30 Apr 54.

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Moisie (Clarke City) R-33 and Sydney R-34

Both of these sites are conducting limited operations. Communications (including inside and outside telephone plants) are in operation. AN/TPS-502 installation at Sydney is completed and awaiting flight trials. AN/TPS-502 installation at Moisie is 25%, remaining portion delayed for completion of repairs to Type 30 tower roof.

3. RADAR EXTENSON PLAN - NEAC Sites - (Nos.22 to 31 inclusive)

The majority of the NEAC Pinetree sites are available for limited operations with the exception of facilities notes in the following detailed reports below. Back-up radar AN/FPS-502, electronic gear is scheduled for delivery to N-26 (St. Anthony), through N-31 (Frobisher Bay) during Oct-Nov 54 by air if water shipping season is closed at the time. Delivery to N-25 (Gander) is scheduled for Dec 54 and to N-22 (St. Johnís), N-23 (Stephenville) and N-24 (Goose Bay) during Feb 55. The antennae are expected to be produced by Aug 54 and to e shipped in by sea late this summer. Delivery of the AN/TPS-502 back-up height-finder radars to Newark for delivery by sea this summer has already begun. An acceptance board toured the northern sites during March and interim acceptances, relieving the installation contractors responsibility, were made.

St. Johnís - N-22 (GCI)

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B tower is approximately 85% complete and the electronic installation has started. Heating and lighting installation commenced 30 Mar 54. The overall AN/CPS-6B installation is 40% completed.

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - estimated installation start Jul 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF facilities expected to be complete May 54. Inside work on transmitter buildings 80% and inside work (antenna farms etc.,) 26% completed. At the receiver site, inside and outside work is 75% complete.

Telephone - Inside plant installation commenced 13 Apr 54. Outside plant is completed and accepted on interim basis.

St. Johnís - N-22A (ADCC)

Inside telephone plant (NE-618) is 60% completed. Tactical cut-over is scheduled for May 54. Outside plant completed. Inside and outside work on ADCC receiver site is 80% complete. Radio communications 75% installed.

Stephenville - N-23

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B installation completed. Interim acceptance board scheduled for 14 Apr 54. L.O. date is 15 Apr 54. IFF is 60% completed and the remaining 40% cannot be completed until "third sail" is installed.

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 estimated installation start Jul 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF now 95% complete. Estimated complete 1 May 54. LF expected complete 1 Jul 54. Limited VHF facilities will be made available for radar acceptance date.

Telephone - Inside and outside plant completed. Acceptance board scheduled for 14 Apr 54.

Goose Bay - N-24

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B operating after final acceptance with minor deficiencies.

Back-Up Height-finder - Estimated installation start Jul 54.

Radio Communications - VHF and UHF complete and accepted. HF completed with exception of those HF facilities now being installed at LF transmitter site. LF facilities expected to be ready for limited operations 1 Jul 54.

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Gander - N-25

Main radar - Completed and operating.

IFF - Completed and operating.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 installation scheduled for mid-summer 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF installed. Tests not yet started. No LF facilities at this site.

St. Anthony - N-26

Main radar and IFF - Was completed but damaged by high winds in January. Replacement equipment now on site and it is expected limited operations will be resumed 1 May 54.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - Installation scheduled for mid-summer 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF Operating. Interim acceptance completed.

Cartwright - (N-27), Hopedale (N-28), Saglek (N-29) and Frobisher Bay (N-31)

Main radar - Completed and operating.

IFF - Completed and operating.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 installation scheduled for mid-summer 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF facilities operating and interim acceptance completed except at N-29 (Saglek) Little progress has been made there due to repeated power line failures to receiver and transmitter site. The transmitter building has been isolated since mid-winter. It is hoped to have all these radio facilities ready for acceptance by the end of Apr 54. LF facilities at all sites above are expected to be completed by 1 Jul 54.

Resolution Island - N-30

Completion of buildings expected by end of Aug 54. Operations building advanced far enough to allow electronic installation start by end of Apr 54.

4. NEAC COMMUNICATIONS

a - Tail Cables

The plant erection phase at all three locations (St. Johnís - N-22, Stephenville - N-23, and Gander - N-25) is virtually complete. Splicing work is now completed at Stephenville (N-23) and should be finished at Gander (N-25) and St. Johnís (N-22) by the first half of May 54. If splicing is completed as forecasted, cable should be ready for service at that time. At Gander (N-25), construction on the cable connecting the carrier terminal to the microwave terminal has been deferred pending a ground survey for locating the former and construction of its access road.

b - Carrier System

The survey of existing USAF-owned cable facilities in Newfoundland has been complete in preparation for the engineering and installation of the type "ON" cable carrier system. Procurement action has been taken on most of the electronic equipment. Present Canadian National Telegraphs works schedule calls for building construction to proceed during the summer months with equipment installation scheduled to start during Sep 54. If plans proceed according to schedule the first system of 20 channels will be completed and working by the end of this year. One working system will provide the channels necessary to carry the present working circuits. This will release cable pairs for "de-loading work" and the installation of the remaining carrier systems.

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c - Microwave System

PPO review of work required on this project "without prejudice" to operation date is 75% complete and will go forward in the next few days.

Equipment prototypes are expected as follows:

200 mc - June and July.

Preliminary fault alarm system assembly - August

Local order wire set - June

Diversity selector unit - June

Emergency antenna - July

Dual frequency antenna - August

Transmission lines - July

Pressurizing equipment - August.

d - Scatter System

Site surveys in Labrador were completed March 28. All sites were visited except N-29 (Saglek) and it is expected that this can be completed from existing topography. Construction tenders will be called May 6 for the four most northerly sites, with the remainder following shortly thereafter. Newfoundland site surveys will be completed in ample time to allow the scheduled construction program.

Necessary contracts, letters of intent and purchase orders were issued during the month for the following equipment:

Diesel alternators and associated equipment.

Coaxial wave guide and switch gear.

Styroflex cable and fittings.

Contracts for test gear for radio equipment are cleared for issue.

Interim installation directives and preliminary installation drawings have been prepared and issued to installation contractors for bidding purposes. Tenders will be received by April 24.

Overall schedules for each site are in the course of preparation and are expected to be issued mid-April. Training courses for line-up and test teams have been established and are expected to commence in Montreal June 15. Three courses are contemplated, each for a period of six weeks, spaced one month apart. In addition to line-up and test personnel it is expected that the installation contractor will train his key personnel. Up to twenty vacancies can be made available to NEAC who have been so notified.

Detailed equipment engineering and detailed installation specifications are expected to be complete for all stations by May 15.

Basic transmitter design has been completed and released to production prior to April 1. Dual diversity receiver design has been completed and released to production by April 1 with the exception of diversity switching panel. The design of this item is complete and portion of the circuits are under test. The Klystron amplifier design is 85% complete and that portion released to production by April 1.

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The set-up combining both modular panels and the demodulator panel, using production samples and instrumentation, has been put into operation for system testing purposes. This set-up will extend at the rate that production samples become available.

e - Antenna

Parabola design is complete and production underway. Design is continuing on supporting structure.

5. R.E.P. TELECOMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT Ė STATUS (Outstanding equipment only. All other equipments delivered).

AN/CPS-6B - Shipments to four sites (Goose Bay N-24, Stephenville N-23, Ste. Marie R-6, and Halifax R-11 are now completed and 85% of equipment has been shipped to remaining site St. Johnís (N-22). Shipments to St. Johnís (N-22) are to be completed this month. Approximately 80% of both operating and depot spares have been shipped, with remaining spares moving at a satisfactory rate. The supplier advises that "third sail" modification kits are t o be shipped for progressive installation Jun to Nov 54 in the following order: Goose Bay N-24, Stephenville N-23, Halifax R-11, St. Johnís N-22 and Ste. Marie R-6. The IFF for the five "third sails" "s to be supplied by USAF but no delivery forecast is available. Components are similar to those for AN/FPS-502 IFF.)

AN/TPS-502 - First eight equipments shipped, including two to Newark for NEAC. Other shipments for NEAC sites to follow as soon as possible and should be completed to Newark by Jun 54. Operating spares are now being shipped concurrent with main equipments.

AN/FPS-502 - (No change since last report) The production schedule is being maintained with no indication of delay. The schedule calls for two units in Oct 54, four in Nov, six in Dec, six in Jan 55 and four in Feb 55

AN/GPA (?) - (no change since last report) - Video Mapping Units - Recent information from USAF HQ indicates further delays in delivery. Prototype tests scheduled Apr 54 and delivery to start Aug 54 with first 12 production units for Pinetree and the remainder allocated 50-50 between Canada and USA.

IFF for AN/FPS-502 - 22 Units required containing consisting of 1 each AN/UPX-6, KY54 code coordinator, AS/295 antenna. One UPX-6 and KY54 have been shipped to FPS-502 supplier for use in prototype. An AS/295 will be available in30 days. Remainder of UPX-6 units are available and shipping instructions have been issued. Deliveries of balance of KY54 and AS/295 are unknown at present.

Radomes - (No change since last report) Deliveries to sites and depots are satisfactory.

ADCC Telephone Plant (NE-618) - Shipments completed on main equipment. Spares and test equipment to be delivered this month. Installation estimated finished in May.

Recorders - USAF AMC (Rome) has requested Canadian Commercial Corporation to advise unit price of equipments required by Pinetree prior to final contract arrangements.

Type 30 Tower De-Icing Equipment (Lamp Banks) - (No change since last report) Delivery from Canadian Marconi to start in Jun 65 and to be completed in Jul 54.

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