Pinetree Progress Reports

National Archives of Canada


Pinetree Progress Reports
Report No. 22
Dated 15 May 1954

Page 1 of 13

1. RCAF PROGRAM

a - Eastern Sites (Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, and 9)

Radar and IFF - Primary radar in operation and interim IFF facilities completed at all sites. It is anticipated that after satisfactory proof of performance has been established, the AN/FPS-502radar will be procured to provide back-up search facilities. Back-up height-finder radars (AN/TPS-502) are to be installed this year at Mont Apica and Lac St. Denis (Sites 1 and 2). This equipment us not required at other sites where dual ISG-98 radars are installed.

Radio Communications - Except for Chatham (Site 5) HF and VHF installations have been completed. At Chatham, temporary facilities are being used until permanent facilities are completed in Nov 54. UHF installations are dependent on deliveries of equipment from USAF sources, which will be supplemented by Canadian UHF gear at a later date. Plans and specifications for the UHF installations are presently being prepared by RCAF/AMC.

Internal Telephone Systems - Northern Electric Type NE-603 telephone systems have been installed and accepted.

Microwave System - A microwave system to provide primary communications facilities between these sites is partially constructed.

b - Western Sites (Nos. 18, 35 and 36)

Holberg - 18

Main radar - - AN/FPS-3 installation completed and accepted.

IFF - Available but not delivered.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 installation estimated to start Aug 54.

Radio Communications - Permanent facilities will not be completed until Sep 54. Temporary HF and VHF facilities are in use.

Telephone - Scheduled completion of NE-611 internal telephone system delayed until Aug 54.

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Comox (35) and Tofino (36)

Main radar - - AN/FPS-502 radars not available for installation until third quarter of 1955.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 radars scheduled for installation in third quarter of 1954.

Telephone - NE-611 systems completed and held at factory. Tentatively scheduled for completion in Sep and Oct respectively.

2. RADAR EXTENSION PLAN - Interior of Canada

a - USAF ADC

Sites C-10 (Ramore), C-14 (Pagwa), C-15 (Armstrong), C-16 (Sioux Lookout), C-17 (Beausejour), C-19 (Puntzi Mountain), C-20 (Baldy Hughes) and C-21 (Saskatoon Mountain).

All facilities required for operation are available for use. However, formal acceptance of a limited number of radio facilities and IFF installations is being delayed pending completion of a series of minor deficiencies.. Main radar requirements (AN/FPS-3) have been accepted and are operating on all eight sites. All inside and outside telephone plants have been completed and accepted. Radio communication facilities (HF, VHF, UHF) were accepted at only four sites (Ramore C-10, Pagwa C-14, Puntzi Mountain C-19 and Baldy Hughes C-20). At all eight sites outstanding tower roof repairs will be completed prior to start of AN/TPS-502 installation. The electrical distribution systems (for Type 30 towers) will be completed by the installation contractors. Back-up search radars (AN/FPS-502) are scheduled for installation early in 1955 according to present forecasts. Landlines at all sites except at sites C-19 (Puntzi Mountain) C-20 (Baldy Hughes) and C-21 (Saskatoon Mountain) are substantially completed.

Ramore - C-10

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Awaiting acceptance.

Height-finder - On site. Installation scheduled for Jun 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF all completed and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Pagwa - C-14

Main radar - Extensive antenna damage occurred 7 Apr 54. Repairs expected to take at least 30 days.

IFF - Completed and accepted.

Height-finder - On site. Installation scheduled for Jun 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF all completed and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Armstrong - C-15

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Completed and accepted.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start Sep 54.

Radio Communications - Available for operations but not accepted due to deficiencies in workmanship.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Sioux Lookout - C-16

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Completed and accepted.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start Aug 54

Radio Communications - Available for operating but not accepted due to deficiencies in workmanship.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Page 3 of 13

Beausejour - C-17

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Completed and accepted.

Height-finder - On site. Installation scheduled for June 54

Radio Communications - Available for operations but not accepted due to deficiencies in workmanship.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Puntzi Mountain - C-19

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Completed and accepted.

Height-finder - On site. Installation scheduled for Jun 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF all completed and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Baldy Hughes - C-20

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Available for acceptance.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start Sep 54

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF completed and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

Saskatoon Mountain - C-21

Main radar - Operating.

IFF - Available for acceptance.

Height-finder - Installation estimated to start Sep 54

Radio Communications - Available for operations but not yet accepted due to deficiencies in workmanship.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

b - RCAF Manned

Sites R6 (Ste. Marie), R11 (Halifax), R33 (Moisie), R34 (Sydney)

Ste. Marie - R-6

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B is completed and accepted.

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - Estimated installation start Sep 54.

Radio Communications - Installation crews now working. Expected to be complete Jun 54. Temporary facilities in use.

Telephone - Inside and outside plant completion scheduled for end of May 54

Halifax - R-11

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B is completed. Acceptance and flight trials scheduled for 11 May 54.

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - Estimate installation start Oct 54

Radio Communications - Installation crew now working and program expected to progress rapidly. Temporary facilities available. Estimated complete 15 Jun 54.

Telephone - Inside plant 95% complete. Estimated complete 4 Jun 54.

Outside plant completed.

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Moisie (Clarke City) R-33 and Sydney R-34

Both of these sites are conducting limited operations. Communications (including inside and outside telephone plants) are in operation. AN/TPS-502 installation at Sydney is completed and accepted. AN/TPS-502 installation at Moisie is 25%, remaining portion delayed for completion of repairs to Type 30 tower roof.

3. RADAR EXTENSON PLAN - NEAC Sites - (Nos.22 to 31 inclusive)

Eight of the ten NEAC sites are available for limited operations with the exception of facilities notes in the detailed reports below. Sites N-22 (St. Johnís GCI) and N-22A (St. Johnís ADCC) should be ready for limited operations 24 May 54. Date for N-30 (Resolution Island) is, as yet, unknown.

Back-up radar AN/FPS-502, is scheduled for delivery to sites N-26 (St. Anthony), through N-31 (Frobisher Bay) during Oct-Nov 54 by airlift if necessary. Delivery to N-25 (Gander) is scheduled for Dec 54 and to N-22 (St. Johnís) and N-24 (Goose Bay) during Feb 55. Some antennae have already been produced and all will be shipped in by sea during the approaching summer.

Back-up height-finders - AN/TPS-502 are now being delivered to Newark for shipment by sea this summer.

St. Johnís - N-22 (GCI)

Main radar (includes IFF) - Acceptance and limited operations date scheduled for 24 May 54.

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - Installation estimated to start Jul 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF expected to be complete Jun 54. Inside work on transmitter buildings is 90% completed and outside work is finished. LF communications are scheduled for completion in Jul 54.

Telephone - Inside plant estimated complete by 15 May 54. Outside plant completed and accepted.

St. Johnís - N-22A (ADCC)

Inside telephone plant (NE-618) completed and acceptance scheduled for mid-May 54. Outside plant ready for acceptance. Radio communications estimated completion Jun 54 but some facilities ready by 24 May 54

Stephenville - N-23

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B operating and accepted on interim basis with minor deficiencies,

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 estimated installation start Jul 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF estimated complete third week of May 54. LF expected completion date 1 Jul 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants completed and accepted.

Goose Bay - N-24

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B operating.

Back-Up Height-finder - Estimated installation start Jul 54.

Radio Communications - VHF and UHF complete and accepted. LF facilities expected to be ready for limited operations 1 Jul 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plant completed and accepted.

Gander - N-25

Main radar - Accepted and operating.

IFF - Completed and operating.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 installation schedule for mid-summer 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF installed. Tests not yet started. No LF facilities at this site.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants completed and accepted.

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St. Anthony - N-26

Main radar and IFF - Was completed but damaged by high winds in January. Radar repaired and limited operations resumed. Awaiting arrival of replacements of minor hardware items.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - Installation scheduled for mid-summer 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF Operating. Interim acceptance completed. LF expected complete before 1 Jul 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants completed and accepted.

Cartwright - (N-27), Hopedale (N-28), Saglek (N-29) and Frobisher Bay (N-31)

Main radar and IFF - Operating. Interim acceptance completed.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 installation scheduled for mid-summer 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF facilities operating and interim acceptance completed except at N-29 (Saglek) Little progress has been made there due to repeated power line failures to receiver and transmitter site. The transmitter and receiver buildings have been isolated since mid-winter. It is hoped to have all these radio facilities ready for acceptance by the end of May 54. LF facilities at all sites above are expected to be completed by 1 Jul 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants completed and awaiting acceptance.

Resolution Island - N-30

Completion of buildings expected by end of Aug 54. Operations building almost completed. Electronic installation started 10 Apr 54.

4. NEAC COMMUNICATIONS

a - Tail Cables

Tail cables at St. Johnís N-22) , Stephenville (N-23) and Gander N-25) are completed except for the cable to the microwave terminal at the latter site and three other deficiencies. These, on which work will not disturb the working of circuits in service are: (I) a short section of a river crossing at Stephenville (N-23) remains to be buried, (ii) cable pressurization equipment remains to be installed at all three sites and (iii) preparation of "plant-in-place" drawings. Acceptance of the tail cable facilities is tentatively scheduled for period 13-21 May 54.

b - Carrier System

The survey of existing USAF-owned cable facilities in Newfoundland has been completed in preparation for the installation of the type "ON" carrier system. Procurement action has been taken on most of the electronic equipment and tenders have been received on all power equipment. The sub-contract for engine generators is awaiting formal approval by the Department of Defence Production (Canada) and contracts for the remainder of the power equipment are awaiting minor price adjustments before submission to DDP for approval. Present Canadian National Telegraphs work schedule calls for building construction to be carried out this summer. If plans proceed according to schedule the first system of 20 channels will be completed and working by the end of this year. One working system will provide the channels necessary to carry the present working circuits. This will release cable pairs for "de-loading work" and the installation of the remaining carrier systems.

c - Microwave System

A test link on 2000 mcs. Is scheduled for operation in Sep 54. The initial set-up will be based on a duplex system of two terminals with facilities to change to simplex with two end terminals and one repeater. No changes have been indicated in the prototype progress noted in last monthís report (Report No. 21, dated 15 Apr 54). Steady progress is being made on design and construction of breadboard models of the 400 mc. Transmitter, receiver and filter. Development schedules call for delivery of one dual-frequency antenna (2000 mcs./400 mcs.) by July, with three more following in August of this year. Delivery of emergency 400 mcs. Antenna is expected by mid-July 54.

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d - Tropospheric Scatter System - A chart showing the preliminary schedule for this system is included in this monthís report. (Page 9).

Construction - Lists of construction material and equipment available on sites have been received and forwarded to Bell Telephone Company. Arrangements have been made for siting surveys for the three southern sites. Preparation of plans is proceeding. The call for construction tender for the northern group of stations is expected to be issued 15 May 54, with calls for remaining sites followed at short intervals. Bell Telephone Company will set up a field office at Goose Bay soon.

Installation - Personnel for line-up and test have been selected and instructional courses will be held in Montreal commencing 15 Jun and 15 Jul 54 in the Bell Telephone Company Toll Plant School. Bids for the installation contract have been received from three companies and selection will be made in the near future. The successful bidder will send key personnel to the training school.

Equipment - Design of the equipment has been completed and the following items released to production on the dates showing:

Basic Transmitter

1 Apr 54

Dual Diversity Receiver

1 Apr 54

Output Amplifier Panel

20 Apr 54

Diversity Switching Panel

29 Apr 54

Receiver Preselector

27 Apr 54

Klystron Power Supply

15 Apr 54

Amplifier Proper

15 Apr 54 - subject to changes contingent

Klystron Dolly

15 Apr54 - on band width tests

Testing - Modulator, de-modulator and selective amplifier panels were system-tested using tones, in abbreviated, closed system without RF carrier frequency components. Noise loading system is in course of assembly and is expected to be complete and correlated with tone methods by 15 May 54.

5. R.E.P. TELECOMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT Ė STATUS (Outstanding equipment only. All other equipments delivered).

AN/CPS-6B - Shipments to all five sites are now completed. Approximately 90% of minor spares, 97% of major operating spares and 25% of major depot spares have been delivered. The supplier advises that third sail modification kits are to be shipped for progressive installation Aug to Nov 54 in the following order: - N-24 (Goose Bay), N-23 (Stephenville), R-11 (Halifax), N-22 (St. Johnís) and R-6 (Ste. Marie).

AN/TPS-502 - Twelve equipments shipped, six of them to Newark for NEAC isolated sites. Sixty-five percent of operating spares are being shipped with main equipments: 20% will be shipped by 30 Jun 54 and a final shipment will be made when balance are available. Depot spares should be shipped by 30 Jun 54.

AN/FPS-502 - (No change since last report) The production schedule is being maintained with no indication of delay. Schedule calls for two units in Oct 54, four in Nov 54, six in Dec 54, six in Jan 55 and four in Feb 55. Operating spares will be delivered concurrent with main equipments.

AN/GPA-30 - Video Mapping Unit - Prototype tests now scheduled for Jun 54 with delivery forecasted for Sep 54 at a rate of 25 per month. First 12 units are for Pinetree with remainder allocated 50-50 between Canada and USA.

IFF

(i) - AN/GPX-6 for AN/CPS-6B - Equipment delivered with spares for AN/UPX-6 components but balance of spares for AN/GPX-6 will not be available until Aug 54.

(ii) - IFF for AN/CPS-6B "third tail" modification - UPX-6, motor and capacitor, and modification kit CY-1312/UPX shipped to three NEAC sites and to be shipped to R-6 (Ste. Marie) and R-11 (Halifax) shortly. Antenna AS-295/UP not available until first of 1955 or later.

(iii) - AN-GPX-7 for AN/FPS-3 - Equipment delivered (with spares) for AN/UPX-6 component. No delivery information is presently available.

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(iv) - AN/GPX-(502) for AN/FPS-502 - Twenty-two AN/UPX-6 units, and code co-ordinators KY-54 shipped to Canadian Arsenals Ltd. For incorporation in AN/FPS-502. Antennae AS-295/UP will not be available until Aug 54. One of the prototype probably not available until then.

Radomes - Deliveries to sites and depots satisfactory.

ADCC Telephone Plant (NE-618) - Shipments completed and equipment installed.

Recorders - (No change since last report) - USAF AMC (Rome) has requested Canadian Commercial Corporation to advise unit price of equipments required by Pinetree prior to final contract arrangements.

Type 30 Tower Equipment

(i) - Junction boxes and floodlights to be shipped shortly.

(ii) - Lamp banks for de-icing - delivery to be made in Jun-Jul 54 from Canadian Marconi Co.

Pages 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 of 13 are missing.