Pinetree Progress Reports

National Archives of Canada


Pinetree Progress Reports
Report No. 24
Dated 15 July 1954

Page 1 of 11

1. RCAF PROGRAM

a - Eastern Sites (Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, and 9)

Radar and IFF - Primary radar in operation and interim IFF facilities completed at all sites. Early warning (third sail) modification kit will be installed at Site 1 (Mont Apica) beginning 19 Jul 54. It is anticipated that after satisfactory proof of performance has been established, the AN/FPS-502radar will be procured to provide back-up search facilities. Back-up height-finder radars (AN/TPS-502) are to be installed this year at Mont Apica and Lac St. Denis (Sites 1 and 2). This equipment is not required at other sites (Sites C-3 Foymount, C-4 Edgar, C-5 Chatham, C-7 Parent, C-8 Senneterre and C-9 Falconbridge where dual ISG-98 radars are installed and where AN/FPS-6 high power height-finders will be installed at some future date.

Radio Communications - Except for Chatham (Site 5) HF and VHF installations have been completed. Tenders have been called for installation at Chatham (where temporary facilities are being used until permanent facilities are completed in Nov 54). UHF installations are dependent on deliveries of equipment from USAF sources, which will be supplemented by Canadian UHF gear at a later date. Plans and specifications for the UHF installations are presently being prepared by RCAF/AMC.

Internal Telephone Systems - Northern Electric Type NE-603 telephone systems have been installed and accepted, except field modifications on Sites C-5 Chatham, C-7 Parent and C-8 Senneterre which are to be completed 24 Aug 54.

Microwave System - A microwave system to provide primary communications between these sites is partially constructed.

b - Western Sites (Nos. 18, 35 and 36)

Holberg - 18

Main radar - AN/FPS-3 installation completed and accepted.

IFF - Not available.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 installation estimated to start Aug 54.

Radio Communications - Permanent facilities will not be completed until Sep 54. The installation contract has been let. Temporary HF and VHF facilities are in use.

Telephone - Scheduled completion of NE-611 internal telephone system delayed until Aug 54.

Comox (35) and Tofino (36)

Main radar - - AN/FPS-502 radars not available for installation until third quarter of 1955 but temporary search facilities will be provided at each site by lash-up AN/CPS-5 radars to be installed in September.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 radars scheduled for installation in third quarter of 1954.

Radio Communications - Installation contracts let. Work begun at Comox. To start at Tofino shortly. Completion scheduled tentatively for 1 Oct 54.

Telephone - NE-611 systems completed and held at factory. Tentatively scheduled for installation/completion in Sep and Oct 54 respectively.

Page 2 of 11

RADAR EXTENSION PLAN

The responsibility to implement the equipment procurement, installation program and site construction to meet limited operation target date of 1 Jul 1954 was placed with Pinetree Project Office early in 1953. Production was lagging and it was realized a major effort would be required by this office and all others connected with the Project to stimulate industry to meet a delivery schedule which must of necessity be phased with rigid shipping and installation programs. The site facilities required to meet Limited Operation are listed below:

a - Basic search radars operating at all EW stations (Sites C-10 Ramore, C-14 Pagwa, C-15 Armstrong, C-16 Sioux Lookout, C-17 Beausejour, C-19 Puntzi Mountain, C-20 Baldy Hughes, C-21 Saskatoon Mountain, N-25 Gander, N-26 St. Anthony, N-27 Cartwright, N-28 Hopedale, N-29 Saglek, N-30 Resolution Island, N-31 Frobisher Bay, N-33Moisie (Clarke City) and N-34 Sydney.

b - Basic search radars and basic height-finders operating at all GCI stations (Sites C-6 Ste. Marie, C-11 Halifax, N-22 St. Johnís, N-23 Stephenville and N-24 Goose Bay.

c - IFF equipment operating with all primary search radars.

d - A minimum of four air/ground channels operating at each EW station and eight air/ground channels operating at GCI stations.

e - A minimum of two channels of point-to-point communications from EW stations to parent GCIís and from GCIís to ADCCís. Two channels of point-to-point communications operating between adjacent GCI stations.

The above conditions have been fulfilled, as of 1 Jul 54, on all stations except Site 30 Resolution Island, where completion of even limited facilities has been delayed until late this summer. This delay is due to inability to land equipment and supplies during 1953, which was necessary to permit construction and installation as originally scheduled. At C-6 Ste. Marie and C-11 Halifax the air/ground communications are of a temporary natures while work proceeds on permanent facilities scheduled for completion July 31, 1954.

2. RADAR EXTENSION PLAN - Interior of Canada

a - USAF ADC

Sites C-10 (Ramore), C-14 (Pagwa), C-15 (Armstrong), C-16 (Sioux Lookout), C-17 (Beausejour), C-19 (Puntzi Mountain), C-20 (Baldy Hughes) and C-21 (Saskatoon Mountain).

All facilities required for limited operations are available for use. Main radar requirements (AN/FPS-3) have been completed and accepted and are operating on all eight sites. All inside and outside telephone plants have been completed and accepted. Radio communication facilities (HF, VHF, UHF) were accepted at only four sites (Ramore C-10, Pagwa C-14, Puntzi Mountain C-19 and Baldy Hughes C-20) and these facilities are operating and awaiting acceptance at the other four (C-15 Armstrong, C-16 Sioux Lookout, C-17 Beausejour and C-21 Saskatoon Mountain). At all eight sites outstanding tower roof repairs will be completed prior to start of AN/TPS-502 height-finder installation. Drawings for the roof jobs have been completed and specifications sent to bidders. Each job will take approximately two weeks, tentatively is now scheduled to start the latter part of July. Priority of work will roughly follow order of AN/TPS-502 delivery schedule. The electrical distribution systems (for Type 30 towers) will be completed by the installation contractors. Back-up search radars (AN/FPS-502) are scheduled for installation early in 1955 according to present forecasts.

Radio Communications as noted below refers to HF, VHF and UHF facilities.

Ramore - C-10

Main radar - Operating and accepted.

IFF - Operating and awaiting acceptance.

Height-finder - On site. Installation pending completion of tower roof etc. Pressurizing equipment installed.

Radio Communications - Operating and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants operating and accepted.

Page 3 of 11

Pagwa - C-14

Main radar - Operating and accepted.

IFF - Operating and accepted.

Height-finder - On site. Installation pending completion of tower roof etc.

Radio Communications - All operating and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants operating and accepted.

Armstrong - C-15

Main radar - Operating and accepted.

IFF - Operating and accepted.

Height-finder - Installation pending completion of tower roof etc.

Radio Communications - Operating and awaiting acceptance.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants operating and accepted.

Sioux Lookout - C-16

Main radar - Operating and accepted.

IFF - Operating and accepted.

Height-finder - Installation pending completion of tower roof etc.

Radio Communications - Operating and awaiting acceptance.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants completed and accepted.

Beausejour - C-17

Main radar - Operating and accepted.

IFF - Operating and accepted.

Height-finder - On site. Installation pending completion of tower roof etc.

Radio Communications - Operating and awaiting acceptance.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants completed and accepted.

Puntzi Mountain - C-19

Main radar - Operating and accepted.

IFF - Operating and accepted.

Height-finder - On site.. Installation pending completion of tower roof etc.

Radio Communications - Operating and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants operating and accepted.

Baldy Hughes - C-20

Main radar - Operating and accepted.

IFF - Operating and awaiting acceptance.

Height-finder - Installation pending completion of tower roof etc.

Radio Communications - Operating and accepted.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants operating and accepted.

Page 4 of 11

Saskatoon Mountain - C-21

Main radar - Operating and accepted.

IFF - Operating and awaiting acceptance.

Height-finder - Installation pending completion of tower roof etc.

Radio Communications - Operating and awaiting acceptance.

Telephone - Inside and Outside Plants completed and accepted.

b - RCAF Manned

Sites R6 (Ste. Marie), R11 (Halifax), R33 (Moisie), R34 (Sydney)

Ste. Marie - R-6

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B installation operating and accepted. Early warning (third sail) kit installations to start Sep 54.

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - Estimated installation start Sep 54.

Radio Communications - Expected to be complete by end of Jul 54. Temporary facilities in use.

Telephone - Inside plant completed. Temporary outside plant facilities completed 31 Jul 54.

Halifax - R-11

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B is operating and accepted. Early warning (third sail) kit installations to start Sep 54.

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - Estimate installation start Oct 54.

Radio Communications - Installations estimated complete 31 Jul 54. Temporary facilities available.

Telephone - Inside plant and outside plant completed.

Moisie (Clarke City) R-33 and Sydney R-34

Both of these sites are conducting limited operations. Communications (including inside and outside telephone plants) are in operation. AN/TPS-502 installation at Sydney is completed and accepted. AN/TPS-502 installation at Moisie is partially installed and remaining portion is delayed for completion of repairs to type 30 tower roof which is tentatively forecasted for Jul 54.

3. RADAR EXTENSON PLAN - NEAC Sites - (Nos.22 to 31 inclusive)

Nine of these ten Pinetree sites are available for limited operations. Date for completion of N-30 (Resolution Island) is, as yet, unknown. Sea shipments for northern sites began in June.

Back-up radars AN/FPS-502 are scheduled for delivery to sites N-26 (St. Anthony), through N-31 (Frobisher Bay) during Oct-Nov 54 by airlift if necessary. Delivery to N-25 (Gander) is scheduled for Dec 54 and to N-22 (St. Johnís) and N-24(Goose Bay) during Feb 55. Complete antennas and some test equipment will be shipped in by sea this summer.

Back-up height-finders - (AN/TPS-502) have all been delivered to Newark for shipment to sites by sea this summer. Installation time is three to four weeks.

St. Johnís GCI - N-22)

Main radar (includes IFF) - Operating and accepted on interim basis.

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - Installation scheduled for Jan 55.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF completed 1 Jul 54. Accepted 9 Jul 54. LF communications are scheduled for completion for Sep 54, due to late delivery of antenna but inside work should be finished by 15 Aug 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plant completed and accepted.

Page 5 of 11

St. Johnís - N-22A (ADCC)

Inside telephone plant (NE-618) and outside plant completed and accepted. Radio communications completed 1 Jul 54 and accepted 9 Jul 54.

Stephenville - N-23

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B operating and accepted on interim basis with minor deficiencies,

Back-Up Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 scheduled for installation Oct 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF operating and accepted. LF expected completion date 15 Aug 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants operating and accepted.

Goose Bay - N-24

Main radar (includes IFF) - AN/CPS-6B operating and accepted.

Back-Up Height-finder - Installation start scheduled for 15 Sep 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF operating and accepted. LF facilities expected to be completed 15 Aug 54. One TH-41B ready 15 Jul 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plant operating and accepted.

Gander - N-25 (RCAF-manned)

Main radar - Operating and accepted.

IFF - Operating and accepted.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 installation scheduled for Sep 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF completed and accepted. No LF facilities at this site.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants operating and accepted.

St. Anthony - N-26

Main radar and IFF - AN/FPS-3 operating.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - Installation scheduled for 23 Aug 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF Operating. Interim acceptance completed. LF expected complete before 15 Jul 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants completed and accepted.

Cartwright - N-27

Main radar and IFF - Operating. Interim acceptance completed.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 Installation start scheduled 26 Jul 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF facilities operating and accepted on an interim basis. LF facilities expected to be complete 22 Jul 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants operating. Accepted on interim basis.

Hopedale - N-28

Main radar - Operating. Interim acceptance completed.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 Installation scheduled to start 28 Jun 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF facilities operating and accepted on an interim basis. LF facilities expected to be complete first week of Aug 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants operating. Accepted on interim basis.

Page 6 of 11

Saglek - N-29

Main radar - Operating. Interim acceptance completed.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 Installation scheduled to start 26 Jul 54.

Radio Communications - Installation progress has been slow due to extreme wind and weather conditions which has caused repeated power line failures to the transmitter and receiver buildings. The transmitter building was completely isolated for weeks during the winter. Due to conditions noted, additional work and re-design will be necessary, delaying completion until Aug or Sep 54. LF facilities have been delayed due to the above conditions and no estimated date of completion is available.

Telephone - Inside and outside plants operating. Accepted on interim basis.

Resolution Island - N-30 Building construction still in progress. Expected complete 31 Aug 54).

Main radar and IFF - Positioning of components in Operations building progressing as construction advanced.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 - Installation start scheduled 23 Aug 54.

Radio Communications - Installation to begin approximately 31 Jul 54 when transmitter building is finished. No work as yet on receiver installation. LF radio site has been selected and completion is estimated for mid-Oct 54.

Telephone - Inside plant estimated complete 31 Aug 54. Outside plant completed but severely damaged by ice last week in June.

Frobisher Bay - N-31

Main radar - Operating. Interim acceptance completed.

Height-finder - AN/TPS-502 Installation start scheduled 27 Sep 54.

Radio Communications - HF, VHF and UHF operating and interim acceptance completed. LF estimated ready for use third week in Aug 54.

Telephone - Inside and outside plant operating. Accepted on interim basis.

4. NEAC COMMUNICATIONS

a - Tail Cables

Tail cables at St. Johnís (N-22) , Stephenville (N-23) and Gander N-25) are completed and accepted except for the cable to the microwave terminal at the latter site and three other deficiencies. These, on which work will not disturb the working of circuits in service are: (I) a short section of a river crossing at Stephenville (N-23) remains to be buried, (ii) cable pressurization equipment remains to be installed at all three sites and (iii) preparation of "plant-in-place" drawings.

b - Carrier System

The survey of existing USAF-owned cable facilities in Newfoundland has been completed in preparation for the installation of the Type "ON" carrier system. Sites for new buildings were staked out during June. Plans for new buildings and modification to existing ones have been approved. Procurement action has been taken on most of the electronic equipment. Tenders have been received on all power equipment and purchase orders placed for most of it. The sub-contracts for batteries and engine generators have been approved by the Department of Defence Production (Canada). Present schedule calls for building construction to be carried out this summer with equipment installation to begin during Sep 54. If plans proceed according to schedule, the first system of 20 channels will be completed and working by the end of this year. One working system will provide the channels necessary to release cable pairs for "de-loading work" and the installation of the remaining carrier systems.

c - Microwave System

Equipment - Space will be available in Montreal about 1 Aug 54 for the installation of a test link. Good progress made during June on completion of prototypes. Working units have been completed by Canadian General Electric Co. and the 2000 mc. Equipment and a carrier telephone terminal will be tested during the third week of July. Antenna and transmission line prototype from Canadian Marconi Co. will be available by 1 Aug 54 for the test link. The diversity and local order wire prototypes will be ready in October and the fault alarm in November.

Pages 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 of 11 are missing.